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The three-barred sigma (looking like a backward Z) is second from the left and last on the right.
A possible reconstruction from Meiggs and Lewis is shown as well.
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Introduction An alliance was made between Egesta (a town in NW Sicily) and Athens.
This relates to the shape of Greek alphabet letters and how they evolved over time.
Kavvadias (1897) first drew attention to an earlier form of sigma () on the Athena Nike inscription.
Mattingly (19) has conveniently summarised Meiggs' criteria as follows: Mattingly (19) in reply to Meiggs (1966), argued that "spelling, grammar, idiom, formulae and vocabulary", along with historical context should contribute to dating an inscription.